Croatia travel guide - Information for your holiday in Croatia
Nature in Croatia
Croatia has an overwhelming fauna and flora. Its three totally different climatic regions (coast, hinterland and mountains) offer ideal conditions for approx. 4,000 animal and plant species. In the large woods of middle and east Croatia you mainly find broadleaf trees whereas along the coast of Istria or the Croatian islands you rather find pines or cypresses. The fertile plains of the hinterland are mainly used for farming (market gardening, winegrowing, fruit growing…). Particularly the aromatic plums play an important role as they are the main ingredient of the famous Croatian plum brandy (slivovic). The hinterland also houses lots of animals, such as rabbits, hedgehogs, martens, foxes, partridges and pheasants.
In the mountains of Gorski Kotar and the Velebit you can even find brown bears. This rare species is under wildlife protection. Another endangered species, the lynx, has reappeared in the area of the national park Risnjak.
The island of Hvar is well-known for its broad, violet lavender fields. You can smell the scent of lavender all over the island. The rather dry and warm areas, such as Hvar and the other islands, are suitable for sheep and goat farming. These animals can easily live of the grass and herbs growing there.
The Croatian sea also houses a large variety of marine creatures: sea urchins, sea cucumbers, cuttlefish, groupers, crabs – even cat sharks and dolphins can be seen every now and then.